African American genealogy in Nelson County, Virginia
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In the words of Nathaniel Francis Cabell... "It is a duty of those who are descended from an honorable, virtuous, and respected ancestry, to cherish their memory; and to take care that the tradition of their character and example, so far as preserved, shall be shown to the living Kindred, and transmitted to the generations succeeding."

Dr. William Cabell wall plaque at Midway Mills, Nelson County, Virginia
Wingina Post Office, in Wingina, Nelson, Virginia

List of
African American

Nicholas Family
Click here to view the NICHOLAS family of Liberty Hall at Warminster owned by Dr. William Cabell, owner of the Swan Creek Plantation, Lovingston, Nelson, Virginia

Allen Family
Bailey Family
Barber/Barbour Family
Beverly Family
Bolden Family
Bowling Family
Braddock Family
Cabbell Family
Callen Family
Cashwell Family
Christian Family
Clopton Family
Coleman Family
Cottrell Family
Crockett Family
Diggs Family
Durrett Family
Early Family
Edmunds Family
Ellis Family
Epps Family
Essex Family
Fleming Family
Giles Family
Gilmore Family
Glover Family
Horsley Family
Hughes Family
Johnson Family
Jemison Family
Jett Family
Ligon Family
Loving Family
Mack Family
Mayo Family
Mead(e,s) Family
Meredith Family
Mitchell Family
Morse Family
Napier Family
Nicholas Family
Oakrum Family
Page Family
Payne Family
Penn / Pinn Family
Powell Family
Revely Family
Rose Family
Sandidge Family
Shipman Family
Steptoe Family
Strange Family
Taliaferro / Toliver Family
Terrell Family
Tompkins Family
Thompson Family
Vaughn / Vaughan Family
Venable Family
Whitlock Family
Woodson Family
Yancy Family
James River Bridge sign in Nelson County, Virginia
Road sign in Shipman, Nelson, Virgina
Rockfish River Road street sign in Nelson County, Virginia
Historical markers showing the names of William H. Cabell of Norwood and Carter Godwin Woodson of Buckingha located in Wingina, Nelson, Virgina
Road sign in Lovingston showing mileage to Shipman and Wingina, Nelson, Virgina

Old mill in Midway Mills, Nelson County, Virginia
Massies Mill street sign in Nelson County, Virginia

Oakland Museum
Elk Hill Cemetery
2-Disk DVD set of the Slave Descendants of the Cabell Family - Nelson, VA
African American Heritage
Jean L. Cooper
Carter G. Woodson Institute
African American Patriots
Buckingham Historical Society
Charlottesville Historical Society



Hello, my name is Derek G. Nicholas. I am going to tell you a fascinating story of the descendants of Cabell family slaves located in Nelson County, Virginia.

Karen, Rodney, Derek, Lisa, and grandpop Arthur G. Nicholas

This is not just the story of my directly related ancestors stemming from a single individual bloodline... but an intriguing story of an entire county of negro slaves, along with their descendants who are all related by a long, and extensive web of en-tangled marriages dating back to 1740. Encompassing a four hundred and seventy five square mile area of central Virginia, located in Lovingston, at the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains known as the Piedmont Plateau.

the NICHOLAS Family of Wingina, Nelson, VA

This website, and soon to become a book, is the most extensively detailed African American genealogy site, pertaining to Nelson County, Virginia of it's kind. The information shown here can, and should be passed on to the generations to come!

In the majority of cases, when African Americans attempt to trace their ancestors, they encounter what professional genealogists label as "brick walls", or road blocks. This phenomenon occurs, when the researcher is unable to proceed pass the oldest traceable ancestor. In the case of African Americans, it usually occurs in 1865, when blacks were set free, or emancipated.

This site enables future generations whose relatives originated from this area of Virginia, to backtrack, and find their long lost ancestors through a step by step, visual road map of detailed marriages. This site lays out, and shows you specifically targeted connections between the African American family lines of Nelson County Virginia, and it's already completed for you!

Consisting of sixty plus african american families and extended kinship groups descended from slaves, originating from the gold coast of Africa and placed into bondage, then transported to America from Barbados and Cameroon. These families are connected through many generations, almost 50 years prior to the birth of our nation!

These negro and mulatto slaves stems from the original slave lines of the Cabell, Cocke, Horsley, Mayo, Carrington, Rose, and Massie family lines. Individual Negro family lines appears to have been divided into 4 quadrants, beginning in the areas of Fluvanna, Buckingham, Rockfish, Schuyler, Lovingston, Midway Mills, Wingina, Norwood, Finley's Mountain, Shipman, and Gladstone, in Nelson County along the banks of the James River.

My research is not free! I will eventually have to set up an access fee, and charge visitors for entry, to try and recoup some of the money and time I spent during the 5 years of extremely detailed and precise research. This research began as "The Slave Descendants of the Cabell Family, Nelson County, VA." These are just introductory pages, to the family lines shown on this site.

IN THE MEANTIME... ENJOY THE SITE!... at least while it's under construction.

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One half of these slaves, and their descendants were inherited by the Massie family, who were in laws of the Cocke, and Cabell families, and were placed on the plantations in the areas of Massies Mill, Temperance Amherst, Tye River, Arrington, Roseland, and the eastern side of Lynchburg.
Aliances of the Cabell, Mayo, Carrington families of Wiltshire, England to Virginia
The other half of these slave families, and their descendants were inherited by the Cabble family and were placed on plantations in the Gladstone, Variety Mills, Norwood, Union Hill, Wingina, Warminster, Midway Mills, and Shipman areas.

Smaller family groups, went to Rockfish, Schuyler, Elma, and the eastern side of this county near Faber.

The main family lines consisting of the Diggs, Gilmore, Horsley, Beverley, Jemison, Reynolds, Edmonds, Bailey, Nicholas, Yancey, Shipman, Cottrell, Mayo, Early, Allen, Clopton, Morse, Bolden, Woodson, Rose, and Venable families, appears to have originated, in the area known as Curdsville - James River, Buckingham Virginia. With additional family attachments to the Ellis, Nunnally / Nunery, Payne, Fleming, White, West, Terrell, Callen, and Ratcliffe families. All resided on the Cabell Plantations consisting of Travelers Rest, Swan Creek, Liberty Hall, Midway Mills, Yellow Gravel, Union Hill, Soldiers Joy, Norwood, Montezuma, and Rock Cliff.

This area of Buckingham, along the James River, near Wingina, once known as Hardwicksville, seems to be the place where the majority of our original ancestors settled immediately after leaving Jamestown Virginia.

According to the book "Under the Blue Ledge", written by Oliver A Pollard, Jr. - Dietz Press - Richmond, VA
(page 11 - 12).
"We do know there were five Monacan villages along the James River and one of these, Monahassanough, was
about a mile from present Wingina, in Nelson County. The remnants of the Monacans in Central Virginia became
known as the Saponi and Tutelo, who both lived together in this villiage.

There were two original Native American trails running through this county. The "Warriors Path," a trail used by
both war parties, Monacans and Powhatans, traversed the length of the valley. This path intersected with the
"Apalacian & Monacan Trails" on the northern length of Nelson County at "Rockfish Gap", then traveled along
the Blue Ridge Mountain range. The Old Stage Route, now current Rte. 29 follows this track, as well.

One of these trails "Warriors Path" (indicated in brown ink on the map), descended southeast along the
Rockfish River, then ran along the route now known as Glade Road, then east of Finley's Mountain in Shipman,
and eventually crossing the James River near

Historian Blair Niles wrote an excellent description of these paths:
The Indian trails were narrow, for they traveled in single file, their feet set down with
a straight line from heel to toe, advancing foot always on line with the rear foot; so
characteristic that the Colonists called it "Indian File." With the years their single
file journeys had worn deep narrow trails passing through forests, blocked often by
fallen trees, an arriving frequently at banks of streams where crossing places were

Evidence has been unearthed of maize and squash cultivation in this Piedmont region.
Captain Newport and others made several expeditions into Monacan territory in search
of gold, silver, and the south seas, but few observations were recorded about the native
people residing here. On one trip, though, the English were told by a member of the
Monacan Tribe, "the Monacans"... did dwell in the hilly counties by the river (James River),
living upon roots and fruits, by chiefly by hunting."

Secretary's road was one of the first roads to enter Nelson County via Albemarle County. This road entered to county near Scottsville (in Albemarle) at Howardsville. It follow along River Rd., alongside the C & O railroad tracks. Passed Warminster Station at Liberty Hall on Dr. William Cabell's Swan Creek Plantation. It continued alongside the tracks and merged with the (now Midway Mills Lane), passing Midway Station, at Midway Mills and the old mill. Passes by the residence of my grand uncle James Nicholas, where he and his wife Rebecca Lee Wayne / Rose lived. This road then crosses route 56 (James River Rd.) at Wingina Station (near the post office), which now becomes Norwood Rd.. It continues onto the Tye River, passes through the village of Gladstone, then travels through Amherst County, and ends in Lynchburg.

The African American slave descended families in the two areas (divided in half by route 29)- Midway Mills, Wingina, Norwood, Shipman, Gladstone, Arrington (located on the southern side of route 29) and Amherst,Roseland, Piney River and Massies Mill (located on the northern side of route 29), became closely related due to it's isolation from the main town of Lovingston, which is the county seat.

Click here to check out the NICHOLAS family of Wingina

This public accessible area of web pages, displays just a small sample of my research. The paid site (when completed) contains 24,590 individuals -14,440 photos - 21,000 records - 19,000 sources
(also shown on ancestry).

Continue to the "NICHOLAS" family page - Nicholas Family of Wingina